How To Improve Your Technique
Swimming with correct technique is vital to prevent swimmers shoulder. In freestyle and butterfly, the two stokes most linked to the development of swimmer’s shoulder, the swimmer should aim to adopt a technique is not only efficient and fast but also unloads the rotator cuff muscles as much as possible. See below for a quick recap of the rotator cuff muscles.
Freestyle (front crawl) and butterfly strokes are thought to be the main culprits in the devolvement of swimmer’s shoulder as they involve the classic overhead movement in the recovery phase of the stroke which can potentially lead to subacromial impingement type symptoms and the extended arm in the catch phase leading to mircotrauma of the cuff.
To help reduce the potential of this swimming technique can be adopted during front crawl:
The picture below shows a swimmer swimming with a high elbow and good body roll.
Swimmers should also make sure they swim backstroke in training even if they are front crawl specialists or triathlete as it helps balance out all the free crawl by using different muscle groups.